In a community based study in China, the overall prevalence of Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) was 12.2% in the hyperglycemic population. The prevalence of PVD in the diabetics was 15.1%, significantly higher than that of the IGR( Impaired glucose regulation) subjects (7.7%). The rate of intermittent claudication in those with the ABI </= 0.9 was 13.5%.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a colorless, odorless gas which occurs naturally in the atmosphere and human body. The use of carbon dioxide as a contrast agent dates back to 1920s when the gas was used to visualize retroperitoneal structures. In the 1950’s and early 1960’s, CO2 was injected intravenously to delineate the right atrium for detection of pericardial effusion. This imaging technique developed from animal and clinical studies which demonstrated that CO2 was safe and well tolerated with venous injections.
Aneurysmal disease can defined as a weakness in the wall of an artery which makes it more susceptible to rupture which is very often catastrophic as well as a nidus for arterial thromboembolic events. A ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm and its inherent complications have the lives of several notable people in history including Albert Einstein, Lucille Ball, George C. Scott and Rodney Dangerfield. Initially there was not much to offer surgically to these patients with these lethal conditions.
Your body needs a variety of nutrients to function in peak condition, and a plant-based diet can provide them. Eating your fruits and vegetables keeps your waistline in check, your mind clear, and can even reduce your risk of vein disease, diabetes, and amputation.
Vein disease affects men and women, and its consequences aren’t just cosmetic. While painful, swollen veins or bulges on the surface of the skin on your legs and feet can certainly affect your confidence, they can also signal venous reflux disease. Untreated vein disease can increase your risk for amputation or serious health problems such as stroke or pulmonary embolism.
Vascular disease affects over 15 million American adults and often goes undiagnosed. Your cardiovascular system is made up of blood vessels that transport blood to and from the heart, so it’s important to keep this system in peak condition.
Nearly one million Americans die of cardiovascular-related diseases every year and half of those deaths are caused by vascular conditions outside of the heart, such as in the upper extremities or legs. Early diagnosis is key for effective treatment.
The cardiovascular system is an intricate arrangement of arteries, veins, valves, and pumps that circulate blood and nutrients around the body. Understanding how the heart works and how to keep it healthy can help you improve and maintain good heart health. While some people are at risk of cardiovascular issues due to genetics and family history, there are other factors within our control such as poor diet, smoking, and obesity.
The leading cause of death in both men and women is cardiovascular disease, and that’s more than just heart attacks. The complex system of arteries, veins, and valves that make up the cardiovascular system need to be taken care of to prevent disease.